Archive for the ‘Herbs’ Category

VALERIANA OFFICINALIS L VALERIAN

Thursday, April 8th, 2021

VALERIANA OFFICINALIS L

Valerian, Amantilla, Baldrian

Family: Valerianaceae

Medical use: Sleep-onset insomnia, weak kind uneasiness, stress or anxiety, waek sedative and painkiller, menopause, asthma, appetite-supressant

Parts: Roots

Side effect:

  • Might cause some gastrointestinal problems like vomit
  • Might cause dizziness, make reflexes weaker due to its sedative effect, therefore don drive or use any complex (dangerous) machine in first 2 hours after useing it

Drug interactions:

  • MAOI (inhibitor), sedatives, antidepressants might interact with valerian, so caffeine and warfarin (coumidine) too
  • Generally, drugs, chanced by liver would interact with it

Warnings:

  • Dont use under 12 age
  • Max 4 weeks
  • Dont drive in two hours after using valerian
  • Dont mix or drink together with alcohol

How to Use:

Internaly:

Sleep-onset insomnia, weak kind uneasiness, stress or anxiety, waek sedative and painkiller:

Tea: 2-3g grinded root, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. Max 3 times a day. For sleep drink it half-one hour before going to bed.

Dry extract(3-7:1, %40-70 ethanol): Max 600mg, 3 times a day. For sleep, half-one hour before

Tincture(1:5, %70 ethanol): 30-60 drops a day, put in a glass of water to drink

Appetite-supressant:

Tea: 20g fine grinded root, add 200ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours, filter. Drink half hour before eat

Roots of name valerian can be based on latin ‘valere: strong’, but some other resources claims that it comes from Arabish language.

4. and 5. century before cristus, greek and roman doctors named it as Phu and used it to treat every kind of diseases, in middleage its used against plague and stimulate sexual drive, but today we know that these are just superstitions.

Poor people of north England and Scothland place a premium on valerian, because of believe in its benefits.

Some butterfly larvas feed on valerian

Content: Main effective companent is considered to be valerenic asid (effective on stress and uneasiness). Flavones (isovaleric acid [relaxant], linarin [makes sleepy], hesperidin), irodioids, some alcoholids (valerianin, valerin, actinidine, chathinine), GABA (one of main active inhibitor by mammals nervsystem

SOLIDAGO VIRGAUREA L GOLDENROD

Thursday, April 8th, 2021

SOLIDAGO VIRGAUREA L

(European) Goldenrod, Woundwort

Family: Asteraceae

Medical use: İnflamation by uriner system, diuretic, protective against uriner and kidney diseases, albuminuria (removing albumin protein in ure as an kidney problem), anuria and oliguria (lack of ure), cystitis, aphtha, eczema

Parts: Herb, execpt root

Side effect:

  • No side effect in recommended dose. Rarely can cause some alergic effects.

Drug interactions:

  • Can cause too much loss of water when used with diuretic drugs

Warnings:

  • Not use under 12 age
  • Asteraceae sorts can be alergic
  • If any oedema due to heart or kidney disease, dont use.

How to Use:

Internaly:

İnflamation by uriner system, diuretic, protective against uriner and kidney diseases, cystitis:

Tea: 3-4g grinded herb, add 150 ml boiled water, brew 10-15min, filter. Max 4 times a day.

Tea: 2 turkish tea spoon of herb, add 200ml water, heat untill boiling, brew 2-3min and filter. 3 times a day.

Powder of dry leaf and flower: 6-12g a day, splited in 3 portion

Tincture (1:5, %45 ethanol): 0,5-2ml a day, spileted in 3 portion

Eczema, albuminuria:

8g grinded dry herb, add 200ml water, boil 5min than brew 10min, filter. 2 times a day.

anuria and oliguria:

6 turkish tea spoon of grinded dry herb, add 400ml of water in room temperature. Let brew 8hours. Split in 2-3 and get through in one day. Should be prepared by night for next day.

Externaly:

aphtha:

25g grinded dry herb, add 500ml water, boil 10min, let brew 8-10hours, filter. Gargle with it, prepare daily

Word ‘virga’ means in latin ‘wand’, and ‘aureus’ means golden.

Kazakh’s are using traditionaly its tea to treat pain by kidneys and seeds of some varietys of plant have been used by native Americans as antivenom by snake bites.

Its known as the reason of an over-alergic reaction by pollenation time but its probably derived from pollens of Ambrosia sp, which release its pollens at same time of year; because the pollens of goldenrod dont spread with wind they too heavy and sticky to fly, they are moving with bugs..

Its considered traditional as a symbol of good luck and fortune

Content: phenolic compounds are considered to be most valuable. Flavonoids (hyperoside, rutin, and astragalin), polyphenolic acids (rosmarinic and chlorogenic). Rutin was the main compound in the flavonoid fraction. rosmarinic acid was higher than the content of chlorogenic acid

SANGUISORBA OFFICINALIS L GREATER BURNET

Thursday, April 8th, 2021

SANGUISORBA OFFICINALIS L

Greater Burnet

Family: Rosaceae

Medical Use: Heal and prevent bleeding, antinflammatory, gastrointestinal (stomach), wound healer

Parts: Herb, roots

Side effect:

  • No serious side effect in recommended dose. May cause some stomach problems in high dose

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Heal and prevent bleeding, antiinflamatory, gastrointestinal (stomach):

Tea(infusion): 3g fine grinded dry herb, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 5min, heat again till boiling, remove from heat than brew another 10min. Filter. Drink 2-3 times daily fresh brewd.

Juice: Juice of herb and root should be consumed fresh. 3 times a day, half türkish tea spoon

gastrointestinal (chron, cholite, diarrhea, etc):

Tea(infusion): 3g fine grinded dry herb, add 300ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours. 3 times 1/3 porsion a day.

Name of herb comes from latine ‘sanguis: blood’ and ‘sorbere: absorb’. In middle age records the herb refered to be useful against bleeding, called bibernella or pimpinella can be greater burnet. In traditional Chinese medicin it is called Di Yu and used for same aims.

Fresh herb can be crushed and used as direct wound and burnt. Young shoots can be added to salats and soup

SALVIA OFFICINALIS L SAGE

Thursday, April 8th, 2021

SALVIA OFFICINALIS L

Medical Sage

Family: Lamiaceae

Medical Use: antiviral, antibacterial, antiseptic, antifebrile (decrease fever), gas reliefer, general stimulant, hiperhidrozis (against over sudation), emphysema, wound healer

Parts: Leafs and buds of flower

Side effect:

  • No serious side effect in recommended dose.
  • If boiled or infused too long, can be effect toxic.
  • Can decrease blood presure.

Drug interaction:

  • Can decrease the effectiveness of medications used to prevent seizures.
  • Can make downsiness, interact with antidepressants, sedatives.
  • Can decrase blood suger, interact with diabetes drugs.

Warnings:

  • Dont take more than 6mg Thujone in one day, it is neurotoxic. Dont use over stated amount or infuse/boil over.
  • Can decrase bloodpresure.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

antiviral, antibacterial, antiseptic, antifebrile (decrease fever), gastrointestinal (gas reliefer), general stimulant:

Tea(infusion): 1 turkish tea spoon fine grinded herb, dry or fresh, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 10-15min, than filter. Drink 2-3 times daily fresh brewd.

general stimulant:

Wein liqueur: Put 100g of herb into a litre of good wine. Let rest for 10 days and filter. Use preventative or healer in small dose.

Emphysema:

Tea(infusion): 5g fine grinded dry herb, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 10-15min, than filter. Drink 2-3 times daily fresh brewd.

Externaly: 

antibacterial, antiseptic, wound healer:

Tea(infusion): 2-3 turkish tea spoon fine grinded herb, dry or fresh, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 10-15min, than filter. Aplly wounded area or gargle fresh brewd.

Tincture(1:10, %70 ethanol): Put 5-10ml tincture in 100ml water and gargle or aplly wounded area

The term ‘salvia’ comes from latine word ‘salvare’, which means healing.

It growns in south and west Europa. But the variate, named Salvia Triloba L. growns in Anatolia, can be used for similar aims. The content is similar, execpt ‘salvin’ which operates on RNA synthesis of Virus, cant be found in S. Tiloba L.

The history of use can be tracked to 2000bc. It is known that the ancient Egyptens have used it by pregnancy.

An old expression about importance of this herb, which should have been expressed at Salerno School, asks: “Why a person with Salvia in his garden would die at all?” and answers: “There is no answer to death in a garden!”

Content: Essential oil (etheric), thujone(toxic)(salviol, salvia), kaempferol, borneol, cineole, triterpene, tannen %5, flavonoids, protein, potassium

RUBUS IDAEUS L RASPBERRY

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

RUBUS IDAEUS L

Raspberry

Family: Rosaceae

Medical use: anti-inflamatuar, loss of apetit, blood cleaner, kidney inflamations, diuretic, organise mensturation, lack of vitamin C, antiseptic, flue, fever, diabetes, gastrointestinal and cardiovasculer disorders, diet drink

Parts: Leafs and flowers, young shoots. Also fruits

Side effects:
  • No side effect expected in recommended dose.
  • Can act as an estrogen, recommended to use under a doctors control
  • Can decrease blood suger.
Drug interaction:
  • Can act as an estrogen, recommended to use under a doctors control
Warnings:
  • Nor recommended under 18 age.
  • There is a little risk of alergic reaction, if so dont use.
  • Dont drink tea of herb longer than 3 days or gargle longer than one week without consulting a doctor.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

anti-inflamatuar, loss of apetit, blood cleaner, kidney inflamations, diuretic, organise mensturation, lack of vitamin C, flue, fever, diabetes, gastrointestinal and cardiovasculer disorders, diet drink:

Tea(infusion): 1,5-8 gr fine grinded leafs, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20dk than filter. 3 times a day, fresh brewd.

Dry extract(4:1, water): 115-225mg a dose, max 4 times a day, 30 min after eating

Flue, fever:

Raspberry vinegar (Acetum ıdaeı cum Sacchoro):

1 raspberry juice: 2 wine vinegar mix. Mostly mixed 1:1 with water while drinik. 1-2 spoon a dose.

After illness and surgery:

plenty of fruits or juice

Externaly: 

antiseptic (mouth, throat):

Tea(infusion): 1,5-8 gr fine grinded leafs, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20dk than filter. 3 times a day gargle with it, fresh brewd. Vinegar also can used for gargle too.

Farming of Raspberry has started at middle age but its known due to archeological evidence of seeds that its already somehow cultivated long before that. Started to used in 16century as medicine.

Holland, Spain, France and Portugal count it in pharmacopeia.

In Skandinavien traditionaly used in pregnancy for many benefits but clinical results about that is controversial.

Vinegar mixed with raspberry is a good support for heart. Fruits and its products can used for getting better after illness and surgery.

Content: Ellagic and citric acids, vitamin C, phenolics. Anthocyanins cyanidin-3-sophoroside, cyanidin-3-(2(G)-glucosylrutinoside), cyanidin-3-glucoside, lambertianin C, trace levels of flavonols, hydroxycinnamate.
100 g raspberies contains about 40 mg calcium, 30 mg magnesium, 170 mg potassium, 25 mg vitamin C.

PRUNUS SPINOSA L BLACKTHORN

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

PRUNUS SPINOSA L

Blackthorne, Sloe

Family: Rosaceae

Medical use: General stimulant, diuretic, sudorific, acne, dysentery, loss of apetite

Parts: Flowers, fruits, leafs and barks

  • No side effect reported in recommended dose
  • It shouldent be confused with Prunus Africana

How to Use:

Internaly:

Acne:

5g of flowers, add 150ml boiled water, brew 10min, filter. One cup at morning and night.

General stimulant, diuretic, sudorific, loss of apetite:

3g of flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 5min. Filter. Drink 30min before lunch. Also at breakfeast a small porsion of its marmelade can be eaten or a little cup of its wine.

Dysentery:

50g seedless fruit and 10g leaf, flower (or bark) mix, let rest in 1lt red wein for a couple hours, than boil for 5min, filter. Start with 3 cups a day, reduce amount daily, use for a couple weeks

Naturaly growns in Europe, Asia and North America. In south european ancient civilizations (Romans, Greeks) its been used medicaly.

Fruits are to be use by wine and liqueur production.

Content: Flavonoids (Quercetin, Kaempferol, Binofuranoside), anthocyanins and phenolic acids, nutrients like vitamin A (beta-carotene), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B9 (folic acid), vitamin C and vitamin E, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sulfur and magnesium

PRUNUS AFRICANA AFRICAN PLUM

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

PRUNUS AFRICANA

African plum

Family: Rosaceae

Medical use: Prostate enlargement (BPH), diuretic, unsatisfied need of pee (incomplete pee), hair loss

Parts: Barks of body

Side effects:
  • Some preperations of barks can used against hair loss and skin moisturizer
Drug interaction:
  • İf you recive a prostate cancer treatment dont use at least before asking your doctor
Warnings:
  • Not suitable for use of woman and childiren.
  • It shouldnt be confused with blackthorn (P.spinosa)

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Prostate enlargement (BPH), unsatisfied need of pee (incomplete pee): Soft extract (120:1, dichloromethane): 25-50mg dose, max 100mg a day

Externaly: 

Hair Loss: Some preperations of barks can used against hair loss and skin moisturizer

Most species of Prunus have a nectar that attracts herbivores, thereby helping to protect agricultural crops and plants. But wild prunus species are endangered because of the collection of their bark for pharmaceutical production.

The acids in it (ursolic, oleanolic, lauric, v.v.) partially proved to be protective against prostate enlargement and prostate cancer cells, researches continues.

It shouldnt confused with blackthorn (P.spinosa).

Content: ursolic, oleanolic, atraric, ferulic, lauric acids, N-Butylbenzene-Sulfonamide (NBBS), Beta-Sitosterol

MENYANTHES TRIFOLIATA L BOGBEAN

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

MENYANTHES TRIFOLIATA L

Bogbean, Buckbean

Family: Menyanthaceae

Medical Use: Loss of appetite, fever, gastrointestinal (stomach, intestine), menstrual cycle .

Parts: Leafs. Some records suggest, flowers can be used together.

Side effects:
  • No serious side effect in recommended dose. Can irritate gastrointestinal tract at high dose.

Drug interaction:
  • Can interact with blood thinners (Anticoagulant).

Warnings:
  • Can be bad if having any of dysentery, colitis, diarrhea
  • Can be dangerous if there is risk of bleed.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Muscle pain, neurotic pain, itch, irritable bowel, intestine inflammation and parasites, sedative, vomit, migraine: Tea: 10-15 piece leaf, smash lightly, add 150ml boiled water, brew 3-5min, drink hot. 2 times a day Neurotic pain, migraine: Essential oil: One spoon oil in a bowl, fullfilled with hot water. Inhale its steam. Also oil can spread between upper lip and nose to inhale

Externaly: 

Neurotic pain, migraine: Essential oil: Simply apply it on areas with pain Antiseptic: Essential oil: 2-3 drops in 100ml water, gargle and rinse with it

Name Mentha considered to came from greek ‘minytho: microbe cleaner’ or indish ‘manta: smash and rub’. Peppermint is a natural hybrid of M. aquatica (watermint) and M. spicata (spearmint, common mint).

Even other varieties have been used to medical purpose, today only M. Piperita and M haplocalyx distinguis as medicine. Peppermint has spread today to all regions of world.

In ancient Egypt some drawings similar to mint have been found, also in some pyramids dry leaf itself, dated to 1000bc. Book named Tang Bencao proves that allready in 7. century in Chine mint has been used to treatments. Also ancient Greek resources refer to the plant as medicine. At 15. century it has begann to grown by English society.

Dry leafs wouldnt effect same way, because they are losing their essential oil by drying period.

Content: Menthol (mostly), menthon (less), menthil acetate, menthofuran, trepenoids, flavonoids (kaempferol, hesperidin, eriocitrin, tannen, resin

PIMPINELLA ANISUM L ANISE

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

PIMPINELLA ANISUM L

Anise

Family: Apiaceae

Medical use: Gas and phelgm remover, indigestion, light relaxant (muscular sytem), upper respiratory infections

Parts: Fruits (seeds)

Side effects:
  • Anise can cause allergic reactions in some people. If you get allergic effect from plants like asparagus, caraway, celery, coriander, cumin, fennel, etc., consult a doctor and use carefully.
  • Anason may decrease blood suger. If you have hypoglycemia (low blood suger), consult a doctor and use carefully.
Drug interaction:
  • Anethole in anise has an estrogen-like effect, it can be dangereus by people, who uses hormonal drugs, birth control pills or drugs for hormone-dependent cancers (like Tamoxifen for breast or ovarian canser)
Warnings:
  • Can cause allergic reactions in some people

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Gas and phelgm remover, indigestion, light relaxant (muscular sytem), upper respiratory infections:

Tea: 3g smashed fruits (seeds), add 150ml boiled water, brew 20min, filter. Drink one cup at morning, one at night. Reduce the dose by children under 10age to 2g, for younger than 4age 1g, for babys 0,5g.

Its dıscovered that anise cultivated before 4000 years ago already in Egypt and Mesopotamia, than spreaded to Europa. Today anise, varietys and members of same family (like fennel) are often used to treat specially gastrointestinal problems. Besides its traditionaly used by migraine, also as a disinfectant. Some records shows that anise is traditionaly used in Iran (Persia) to heal melancholy and nightmares.

It can kill eggs and larva of some sorts of mosquito.

Its proven that solutions of extract or oil, made with water and ethanol effects a little anti-bacterial. Extract mixture of celery, saffron and anise has shown significant relief by menstrual pain. Oil of anise can be effective against parasites like louse, tick, etc. The parts of plant except root can used as naphta against hawkmoth.

Anise oil is main flavour of some alcoholic drinks like Rakı (türkish), ouze (greek), etc. Oil, which stands homogene and transparent in high level alcohol solution. If water added, level of alcohol decreases and oil starts to become heterogene, goes to subside and turns to white color.

Content: trans-anethole (93.9%), estragole (2.4%). Other significant compounds are (E)-methyleugenol,, α-cuparene, α-himachalene, β-bisabolene, p-anisaldehyde, and cis-anethole

PELARGONIUM SIDOIDES AFRICAN GERANIUM

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

PELARGONIUM SIDOIDES

African geranium

Family: Geraniaceae

Medical use: Bronchitis, Pharyngitis (throat and lung inflamations), other respiratory infections.

Parts: Dry grinded roots

Side effects:
  • May cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastrointestinal problems like damage of intestinal flora, also sleep problems, eruption, allergic sensibilitys.
  • Bronchitis patients can recive vomit, aglutition (swallowing difficulty), thick sight, low blood suger and other disorders.
  • Rarely causes toxicity by liver.
Drug interaction:
  • with anticoagulant agents can increase risk of bleeding.
  • Decreases effect of immunosupprresants.
  • Because of bleeding risk it doesnt recomended to use with ginkgo, ginseng, garlic, ginger, curcuma and plants with similar effect.
Warnings:
  • Dont use under 6 age.
  • Highly recommended of using under fully doctor control..

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Bronchitis, Pharyngitis (throat and lung inflamations), other respiratory infections:

Over 12 age

Liquid extract (1:9, %11 ethanol): 3 Times 1.25 ml a day.

Dry extract(4-25:1, %11 ethanol): 3 Times 20mg a day.

6-12 age:

Liquid extract (1:9, %11 ethanol): 3 Times 0.8 ml a day.

Dry extract(4-25:1, %11 ethanol): 2 Times 20mg a day.

On the recommendation of his doctor, C. H. Stevens travelled in 1897 to South Africa hoping cure his tuberculosis. He returned to England taking with him roots of the South African pelargonium. He has produced a medicine from dust of roots and sold it in England and then across Europe as a cure for tuberculosis.

Content: oligomeric and polimeric proantosianidins, epigaleocatocal, galeocatocal and catocal componsits, umcalins, coumarins, gallic and fenolik acids, scopolin, scopoletin, flavonoids, fitosterols, carbonhydrates, minerals