Posts Tagged ‘Medical Herb’

JUNIPERUS COMMINUS L JUNIPER

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

JUNIPERUS COMMINUS L

Juniper, Juniper Tree

Familya: Cupressaceae

Medical Use: Infection (urinariy system), gastrointestinal (stomach, gas), acne

Parts: Dry grinded fruits, young shoots

Side effects:
  • Dont use longer than 4 weeks.
  • Using for long time or in high dose can cause serious problems by kidneys and urinary system.
  • Dont use if you have any kidney disorder.
  • Only use under complete doctor control if you have diabetes (and variety) or low level of potassium.
Drug interaction:
  • Diuretic and diabetic drugs. Causes loss of water.
Warnings:
  • Drink more water when using, specially with tincture and other extract.
  • Dont use longer than 4 weeks

How to Use:

Internaly: 

gastrointestinal (stomach, gas):

Tea(infusion): 2-3g fine grinded dry fruit, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 15-20min, than filter. Drink 2-3 times daily fresh brewd.

Tinctur(1:5, %45 etanol): 3 times a day, 1-2 ml every dose.

Infection (urinariy system):

Grind fruit fine. Start with swilling down five fruits, increase amount every day by one till 15. Than decrease same way till 5 (21days).

Externaly: 

Acne:

Shiver 25g young shoots of tree. Boil 15min. Swab skinn twice a day with it.

The first record of using it is dated to 1550bc. Also an ancient Egypten text speaks of it as teniafuge medicine and a seramonial incense. Refered to Kreober, the name juniperus comes from latin ‘junior: young’ and ‘pario:giving birth/blue?’, because young fruits keeps growing when old ones still on tree.

Its used for long years to produce Gin and other alcoholic drinks.

Might be used by a couple of Native American communitys as a nutrition resource.

Belived in some communitys to be a talisman against bad force.

Content: α-cadinol, α-pinene, β-myrcene, α-humulene, epi-α-bisabolol, germacrene D , spathulenol and germacrene B

INULA HELENIUM L ELECAMPANE

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

INULA HELENIUM L

Elecampane

Horseheal, Elfdock

Family: Asteraceae

Medical use: General sitimulant, sedative, remover, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, light kidney disorders, skin rash (exanthema), anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, wormer (kills intestine worms)

Parts: Roots and rhizome, leaf

Side effect:
  • Asteraceae can cause alergic reaction for some people
  • Can cause skin rash by some people
  • Causes poisining symptoms like diarrhea, vomit, spasm, etc in high dose. Even if some treatments in high dose and short duration (like 2 days), it isnt recommended because of toxicity
  • Can interact with blood preasure and suger, use carefully
Drug interactions:
  • Effects kind of sedative and somnolent (sleepy), if you use any sedative, antidepressant drugs or sleeping pills, consult a doctor.
Warnings:
  • ATTENTION: dont confuse with sorts of Aristolochia (birthwort, pipevine, Dutchman’s pipe: it has a traditional use in chines medicine but aristolichic acid in it shows high toxicity, can damage kidneys and cause canser)

How to Use:

Internaly: 

General sitimulant, sedative, remover, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, light kidney disorders, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, wormer (kills intestine worms):

Tea: 2g grinded root, add 150ml boiled water, brew 5min, filter. Max 4g a day

Tea: 0,5-1g grinded root, add 150ml of boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. Max 1g a day.

Skin rash:

30-40g dusted root, add 500ml water, boil untill water goes down to half. 1 spoon, 2-4 times a day. Can be sweetend with honey.

General sitimulant, sedative, remover, protective for0 respiratory and gastrointestinal system:

Wine: Put 50-60g of fine grinded root into 1lt good wine. Let brew 8-10days, filter. Can be sweetend with honey or sirup. 1/3 cup before eat

Externaly: 

Skin rash:

Tea: 25g grinded root, add 250ml water, boil 10min. Spread 2 times a day on skin

Name ‘Helenium’ comes from ‘helios: sun’ or name of Helen of Troy. This plant is secret for Celt culture, its a part of symbolism, in which elfs and fairys an important part are. Some Absinthe reciepes inculedes elecampane, besides wormwood.

It growns in euroasian warm areas naturally, but its growed in America too.

Wine with elecampane is used in old ages to heal every kind of illness. Alantolactone in roots has been isolated as wormer in Europa.

Contet: kaempherol (helenin), alntolactone (wormer terpene), (polysaccaride) inülin, phenolic asids (caffeic, chlorogenic, dicaffeoyl quinic, hydroxibenzoic), flavonoids (epicatechin, catechin gallate, ferulic acid-4-O-glucoside, dihydroquercetin pentosyl rutinoside, kaempherol-7-O-dipentoside, quercetin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside), fructose, pectine, resine.

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM L ST JOHNS WORT

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM L, H. Officinarum Crantz

St. John’s Wort

Family: Hypericaceae

Medical Use: Sedative (calmant), stress, acne, arthritis, headache

Parts: Herb (no root)

Side effects:

  • Can cause mania, dont use if you have hyperactivity or manic-depressive disprders
  • Can strenghten reasons of infertility, if you have it, dont use. Can effect sperma and ovary negatively by high dose
  • Can increase symptoms of Alzheimer and dementia
  • Can make depression of moderate or high degree worse
  • Can catalys psychosis by schizophrenia
  • Can make constellation of heart disorder worse, consult a doctor
  • Can damage heart by anesthesia, if you will have an operation (surgery) stop using it before 6 months
  • When used on skin (externaly) causes sensitivity to sunlight, dont go out if used externaly
  • Some content acts as MAOI (blocks monoamine oxidase enzymes), can be dangerous, specially when used alcohol or protein rich nutrients. Can change chemical order of brain in high dose (makes them accumulate over)
  • Can cause hypertension with tyramin containing foods and drinks (cheese, wine, etc.)
  • Decreases ciclosporin plasma in blood and cause transpalnt rejection. Dont use if you had organ or tissue transplantation, also when you got AIDS
  • Can effect toxic livestocks (cattle, goat, etc.)
  • Can cause hair loss

Drug interactions:

  • Antidepressants, sedatives, triptans (tryptamine), blood thinners, asthma, AIDS, cancer and heart disease drugs and many others. If you use any drug continuously, dont use this plant
  • Dont use with alcohol or food supplements (specially protein)

Warnings:

  • Not use under 18 age
  • Not use longer than 5 weeks
  • ATTENTION: Dont use without doctors consult and control

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Sedative (calmant), stress, headache: Tea: 2-4g grinded herb, add 150ml boiled water, brew15-20min, 3 times a day Dry extract (3-6:1,%80 ethanol): Max 900mg a day Tincture (1:10, %45 ethanol): 2-4ml, 3 times a day

Externaly: 

Acne: Steam: 30g fresh flower, add 1 liter boiled water, brew 5min. Bath your face with steam 10min long. 2 times a week. Besides it would effect sedative because of inhale it. Dont go out in next 1-2 hours (specially under sun)

Roots of the name Hypericum isnt known but it comes from its ancient greek name ‘hyperikon’, which is used by Hippokrates and Dioskorides. Perforatum means preforate, because of perforated look of leaf when insolate.

The english name St. John’s Wort is probably choosen, because flowers of plant bloom close by the St. John’s day (24. July).

Roman military doctor Proscurides in first century is known as used plant for treatment. In middleage its believed that St. John’s Wort protects against evil forces.

Native in Asia and Europa, but allready has growed in other continents.

Can be poisonous for livestocks (cattle, goat, etc).

Content: Flavonoids (quercitrin, quercitin: MAOI), hypericin, hyperforin, rutin, biapigenin, amentoflavone, tannen

HUMULUS LUPULUS L HOPS

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HUMULUS LUPULUS L

Hops

Family: Cannabaceae

Medical use: Psychological disorders (stress based), bad temper, sedative, loss of appetite, insomnia, circulatory disorders, high/love blood pressure

Parts: Flower buds, leaf (rare)

Side effect:

  • No side effect in suggested dose and ways. But its seen by some people who works by harvest of hops, some effects like headache, doziness (beeing sleepy), dermatologic problems, also early mensturation by womans (estorogen)
  • Can cause dizziness and stomach disordes by high dose
  • Can cause doziness
  • By patients of diabetes type-II can increase sensitivity of insulin, decrease blood suger

Drug interactions:

  • İnteracts with sedatives and alcohol, increases effect, can make to much doziness (sleepy)

Warnings:

  • Acts like estrogen, if you have hormonal sensitivity, consult a doctor
  • Dont drive or use dangerous machines
  • Not recommended for children under 12 age

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Psychological disorders (stress based), bad temper, sedative, lack of appetite:

Grinded (dusted) flower: 400mg, 2 times a day. 200mg under 18 age

Tea: 0,5g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. 3-4 times a day

Liquid extract (1:1, %45 ethanol): 0,5-2ml, 3 times a day

Dry extract (4:1, %50 ethanol): 125mg, 3 times a day

Tincture (1:4, %50 ethanol): 1-2ml, 3 times a day

Loss of apetite:

Tea: 3g flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 8-10min, filter. Drink between dinners

Wine: 50g flower, add 1lt white wine on it, let brew 10 days, filter. Drink between dinners 40-50ml

Insomnia:

Grinded (dusted) flower: 1-2g, one hour before going to sleep

Tea: 0,5-1g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. One hour before going to sleep

Dry extract (4:1): 125-250mg, one hour before going to sleep

circulatory disorders, high/love blood pressure:

Tea: 10g grinded flower, add 150ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours, filter. Heat a little before drink. 3-4 times a day

It is considered that name humulus comes from proto-persian ‘hauma-arayka’ (Osetia in Caucasian) and spread from there to middle German (hoppe, became hopfen).

It growns in west Asia, Europa and north America.

Due to folkloric belife in Germany, first added in beer to surpress over sexual-desire by mans (maybe because of estrogen-like effect caused that belief), even by King Gambrius itself (a legendary figure, which based on an ancient German King, named Gampar, lived at BC 15.century, also on the other hand includes characteristics of John the Fearless [AC 12. century] and John I the duke of Brabant [AC 11. century]). But first real record of using hops in beer brewery dated to 9. century, claims that a sister named Hildegard, lived in monastery by Bingen-Germany), was the first one who used it in beer.

It shows an anti-baterial effect, one of the reasons, why it is used to added to beer. Also it has proved that hops can kill bacillius bacteria.

Young shoots of plant can be eaten.

Content: humulone, lupulone, choline, myrcene, kolin, tanen, mirsen, methil buthenol (sedative), xanthohumol (estrogenic)

HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA L RED SORREL

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA L

Hibiscus

Red Sorrel, Roselle

Family: Malvaceae

Medical use: Respiratory system (throat, lungs), cold, imune system, diuretic, loss of apetit

Parts: Flower

Side effects:
  • No side effect expected in low dose.
Drug interactions:
  • Hibiscus may interfere with the effectiveness of some anti-malaria drugs. It can also interact with diabetes and high blood pressure drugs.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Respiratory system (throat, lungs), cold, imune system, diuretic, loss of apetit

Tea(infusion): 1,5g fine grinded dry flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew for 15-20min, than filter. Drink 1-3 times daily fresh brewd.

A close variety, H.Esculentes is the most growed for it fruit, named okra/gombo/lady-finger. Its proven that hibiscus farmed in Egypt by 12. Dynasty.

In Ottoman Empire a guild named ‘bamya (hibiscus fruit) ocağı’ has served as generaly farmers for palace.

Good resource for protocatechuic acid, so it is a potential antioxide and antitumor. The flavonoids in it can act as weak antidepressant and sedative. Can help by reducing bad cholosterol or organize blood suger. Also it can used to flavor another tea.

In mostly tropic afrikan regions red parts of the flowers is used to make a drink and marmelade.

Content: Hibiscus is rich in organic acids including citric, malic, tartaric and allo-hydroxycitric acids. The plant is known for having beta carotene, protein, vitamin C and total sugar. Its having various medically useful material called photochemical, is known for its nutritional and medicinal properties

HELICHRYSUM ARENARIUM EVERLASTING FLOWER

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HELICHRYSUM ARENARIUM, H. plicatum (gnaphalium)

Everlasting Flower

(Sandy, common) everlasting flower, Immortelle

Family: Asteraceae

Medical use: anti-inflammatory, apetite-stimulant, gall and ure remover, arthritis, gout (podagra), inflammation by gall bladder, oedema, rheumatism, hemorrhoid

Parts: Buds of flowers

Side effect:

  • No side effect by low dose. But if you have a blockage by biliary tract or gallbladder stone, dont use.

Drug interactions:

  • No interaction reported as far.

Warnings:

  • Asteraceae members can be alergic for some persons
  • If you have a blockage by biliary tract or gallbladder stone, dont use
  • Dont use longer than two weeks

How to Use:

Internaly: 

anti-inflammatory, apetite-stimulant, gall and ure remover, arthritis, gout (podagra), inflammation by gall bladder, oedema, rheumatism:

Tea: 1,5g flower bud, add 150ml water in room temperature, let brew 8hours, filter. 2-3 times a day (can prepared at once and spilited in doses)

Tea: 1,5g flower or bud, add 150ml boiled water, brew 5min and filter. 2-3 times a day, fresh brewd.

Tea(decoction): 1,5 g grinded flower or bud, add 150ml of water, heat until boiling, reduce heat thoroughly, keep boiling 30min more in low temperature, filter. 2-3 times a day, fresh brewd, 30min before eating.

Tea: 3g flower or bud, add 150 ml boiled water, brew 15min, filter. 2-3 times a day, fresh brewd, 30min before eating.

Externaly:

Hemorrhoid:

Tea(decoction): 1,5 g grinded flower or bud, add 150ml of water, heat until boiling, reduce heat thoroughly, keep boiling 30min more in low temperature, filter. Wash hemorrhoid area with fresh prepared tea, 3-4 times a day.

The name helichrysum comes fraom latin helisso (spinn, roll up) and chrysos (gold, golden). The name of variety, arenarium means sand, because of it growns better in sandy ground. Also its called in some records with another name, which is gnaphalium.

Its native all around the mediterranian.

First writings about medical use of everlasting flower is to be find by book named Materi Medica, which has written by Dioscorides in 40-90ac. In that book its considered a drug to treat kidneys, liver, sciatica and hernia. Some other resources tells that it is a good tadalafil (booster for sexuall ability).

Everlasting flower is a rich pigment resource, it can used to coloring cloth.

A tincture named Essentia Stoechados Citrinae, produced from everlasting flower, was used commonly by 1600-1700ac.

Content: Flowers are the rich source of phenolic compounds including flavonoids, chalcones, phenolic acids, phthalides, coumarins, and pyrones, sterols (β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol-glucoside, stigmasterol, and stigmasterol-glucoside), kaempferol-3-glycoside, naringenin-5-glycoside and apigenin, arenarine

GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA L LICORICE

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA L

Licorice, Licuorice

Family: Papilionaceae

Medical use: Phlegm and ure remover, general stimulant, blood cleaner, respiratory problems, angina, asthma, cough, protective against bronchitis, aphtha

Parts: Root (with or without bark)

Side effect:
  • Rarely can cause dizziness, headache, tiredness and lack of water.
  • Glycyrrhizinic acid in it can increase blood pressure in high dose.
  • Not recommended by heart diseases, because of reducing water in body
  • Can act estorogene-like, therefore can cause lack of sexual drive by males. Also same reason makes it dangerous for womans with breast, uterine or ovarian canser
  • Can decrease level of potassium in blood, can cause problems by nerves and muscles
Drug interactions:
  • Can decrease effect of blood thinners like Coumadin
  • Can decrease level of potassium in blood, therefore using with drugs like Edecrin (also decreases potassium level) can be dangerous and increase side effects of Digoxin (Lanoxin)
  • Drugs, changed by liver, like ketamine (Ketalar), phenobarbital, orphenadrine (Norflex), secobarbital (Seconal), dexamethasone (Decadron), celecoxib (Celebrex), diclofenac (Voltaren), fluvastatin (Lescol), glipizide (Glucotrol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), irbesartan (Avapro), losartan (Cozaar), phenytoin (Dilantin), piroxicam (Feldene), tamoxifen (Nolvadex), tolbutamide (Tolinase), torsemide (Demadex), etc, can interact with it
Warning:
  • It effects stronger by females
  • Dont use longer than 2 weeks

How to Use:

Internaly:

phlegm and ure remover, general stimulant, blood cleaner, respiratory problems, asthma, cough, protective against bronchitis

Tea: 1 turkish tea spoon grinded root, add 150ml boiled water, brew 10min, filter. 2-3 times a day.

Soft extract (3:1, water): 1,5g a dose, 3 times a day

Licorice honey: Fine grinded roots should boiled in water, after water exhausts the rest called as licorice honey. Take 0,5-1g a day

Angina:

Tea: 10g grinded root, add 450ml water, boil until water goes down to half, filter. Drink slowly once a day. Max 3 days

Cough:

Tea: 20g grinded root, add 500ml water in room temperature, brew 10-12hours, filter. Drink as three parts in a day

Ulcer:

Tea: 50g grinded root, add 1lt water, boil 5min, remove from heat, let brew 8-10hours, filter. Drink slowly in one day.

Tea: 15g grinded root, add 400ml water, boil until water goes down to half, filter. 2 times a day.

Externaly:

Aphtha:

Tea: 50g grinded root, add 250ml water, boil 5min, filter. Rinse your mouth 4 times a day with it, not too long.

Its name considered to come from ‘glyks: sweet’ and ‘rhiza: root’. It originates in China and Russia, but growns in Europa, eastern Mediterranean and Anatolia.

By some ancient Egyptian papyrus, dated about 3000bc, has many medical reciepes includes licorice. It has a important place in chinese and mongolian traditional medicine.

Traditionaly a sherbet (sweet drink) produced from licorice is a beloved summer drink in southern provinces. It is the main taste in Cola. Its used to flavour foods and sweets.

Content: Glycyrrhizin (acts saponin-like) is the main component, anethole, tannen, starch (polysaccaride), aspargine, isoflavene glabrene and isoflavene glabridin

FOENICULUM VULGARE MILLER FENNEL

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

FOENICULUM VULGARE MiLLER , F. Capilleaceum Gilbert., F. Officinale

Fennel

Family: Umbelliferae (Apiaceae)

Medical use: Weak gastrointestinal disorders (includes babys gas problem), phlegm, antibacterial, menstrual pain, inreasing milk

Parts: Fruit (seed), herb

Side effect:

  • Anethol in it stimulates nerves, in high dose it can cause spasm-like effect, therefore can be dangerous by epilepsy
  • Anethol can be alergic

Drug interactions:

  • Can interact with blood thinners
  • Can effect estrogen-like and interact with hormonal drugs

Warning:

  • Not use longer than one week under 12 age

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Weak gastrointestinal disorders (includes babys gas problem), phlegm, antibacterial, menstural pain, inreasing milk:

Tea: 1,5-2g grinded fruit (seed), add 200ml boiled water, brew 5-10min, filter. 3 times a day. Dose should be reduced under 1,5g when used by children under 12, proportional to childs age

Oil: 1-2 drop mixed in water or droped on something

Wine: 30g fruit (seed), add 1lt red wine, brew 3weeks, filter. 50-100ml daily

Name Foeniculum comes from latin ‘foenum: straw’, because of its appearance.

The plant refered by Theophrast and Dioskorides with name ‘marathon’ was fennel. In traditional chinese medicine fennel is known since long time. Anglo-saxons have belived that fennel is one of the nine secret plants, given by God to his people. Also fennel is one of the absinthes content.

It is native in Mediteranean and west Asia.

It can used as food as well and is rich by nutirents, a close variety named F. Vulgare var. Azoricum is to grow as vegetable, every part of it can be eaten and used in many culture for it but not used to prepare tea.

Content: High content of anethol, besides bitter and sweet kaempferols, fenchone, pinene, lemonene, albumin, sugar, vitamin B and E. Carbohydrate, oil, protein and minerals like potassium, calsium, iron, magnesium

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA HAWTHORN

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA, C. monogyna

Hawthorn

Midland Hawthorn, Common Hawthorn, England Hawthorn, Mayflower

Family: Rosaceae

Medical use: Palpitation, anxiety, type II congesative heart failure, sedative

Parts: Dry flower and leaf, also fruit

Side effect:

  • Few incidence of dizziness, difficulty in breathing, throb, anxiety, difficulty in sleeping are reported, but not significant

Drug interactions:

  • Heart glycosides or beta-blockers.
  • Drugs for similar treatments (drugs for heart, anxiety, arrhythmia, etc) can interact, consult a doctor.

Warnings:

  • If you have other kind of heart failures or other chronic disease, dont use.
  • Not under 18 age
  • Treatment should last 6 weeks. Use under doctors control.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Palpitation, anxiety, type II congesative heart failure, sedative:

Tea(infusion): 1-2g grinded leaf and flower mix, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15min, filter. 2-4 times a day, fresh brewd. Dont use more than 6g daily.

Dusted herb: Dry leafs and flowers, gathered together, should be taken in a soft drink or something else, 200-250 mg a dose, max 1750mg a day.

Dry fruits: 5g dry fruit daily

Fresh juice of leaf and flowers: 7ml a dose, 3 times a day.

Tincture: (1:4, %35 ethanol): 1.7g a dose, 3 times a day.

Angina Pectoris (Heart):

Tea(infusion): 10 g flower, add 150 ml boiled water, brew 20min, filter. 3 times a day.

Externaly:

Angina:

Tea(infusion): 15 g flower, add 500 ml boiled water, brew 10min and filter. Gargle many time with it.

Since middle age it is used to treatment of heart disorders. In traditional chinese medicine it takes also an important place. First record of medical use of plant is dated 1305, its written that the doctor (Petrus de Cvescentis) of king of France has used sirup of hawthorn to treat queens gout (podagra).

Its discovered clinically that hawthorn decreases high blood presure and digests accumulated cholestrol. Its considered that it can be a alternative blood thiner with less side effect.

Content: flavonoid, vitamin C, glycoside, anthocyanin, saponin, tannin, and antioxidant, as well as phenolics (epicatechin, aglycons, and glycosides of B-type oligomeric procyanidins and flavonols; phenolic acids; and C-glycosyl, flavones)

CENTAURİUM ERYTHRAEA RAFN RED GENTIAN

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

CENTAURİUM ERYTHRAEA RAFN (C. umbellatum, Chironieae), Erythrarea Centaurium Pers.

Red Gentian

Red Centaury, Common Centaury, Feverfoullie

Family: Gentianaceae

Medical use: Fever, after disease, stress, diarrhea, loss of appetite, wound

Part: Herb with flower, root

Side effect:
  • No side effect in suggested dose reported. No sufficient info, consult a doctor
Drug interactions:
  • No interactions reported. No sufficient info, consult a doctor

How to Use:

Internaly:

Fever, after disease, stress, diarrhea, loss of appetite:

Tea: 1g grinded herb with flower, add 150ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours, filter. 2 times a day, half hour before dinners. Dont add any sweetening

Tea: 3g grinded herb with flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 10min than filter. 2 times a day, half hour before dinners. Dont add any sweetening

After disease:

Wine: 60g herb with flower should brewd in a liter of wine for 6 days, than filtered. 100ml, 2 times a day

Externaly:

Wound:

Herb: Herb with flower, press and smash fine. Bandage it on wound

Name Centaurium comes from mythological creature, man-horse (centaur). It is called also Chironieae too, refered to master herbal healer Chiron. The specification of this strain Erythraea points its red flowers (greek ‘red’). Romans have named it as felis terrae.

Native for many regions of world.

Content: Amarogentin, gentiopicrin, stearin, sugar, palmitic acit, ceryl alkol, phytosterol, magnesium, potasium, resine