Posts Tagged ‘sedative’

VALERIANA OFFICINALIS L VALERIAN

Thursday, April 8th, 2021

VALERIANA OFFICINALIS L

Valerian, Amantilla, Baldrian

Family: Valerianaceae

Medical use: Sleep-onset insomnia, weak kind uneasiness, stress or anxiety, waek sedative and painkiller, menopause, asthma, appetite-supressant

Parts: Roots

Side effect:

  • Might cause some gastrointestinal problems like vomit
  • Might cause dizziness, make reflexes weaker due to its sedative effect, therefore don drive or use any complex (dangerous) machine in first 2 hours after useing it

Drug interactions:

  • MAOI (inhibitor), sedatives, antidepressants might interact with valerian, so caffeine and warfarin (coumidine) too
  • Generally, drugs, chanced by liver would interact with it

Warnings:

  • Dont use under 12 age
  • Max 4 weeks
  • Dont drive in two hours after using valerian
  • Dont mix or drink together with alcohol

How to Use:

Internaly:

Sleep-onset insomnia, weak kind uneasiness, stress or anxiety, waek sedative and painkiller:

Tea: 2-3g grinded root, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. Max 3 times a day. For sleep drink it half-one hour before going to bed.

Dry extract(3-7:1, %40-70 ethanol): Max 600mg, 3 times a day. For sleep, half-one hour before

Tincture(1:5, %70 ethanol): 30-60 drops a day, put in a glass of water to drink

Appetite-supressant:

Tea: 20g fine grinded root, add 200ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours, filter. Drink half hour before eat

Roots of name valerian can be based on latin ‘valere: strong’, but some other resources claims that it comes from Arabish language.

4. and 5. century before cristus, greek and roman doctors named it as Phu and used it to treat every kind of diseases, in middleage its used against plague and stimulate sexual drive, but today we know that these are just superstitions.

Poor people of north England and Scothland place a premium on valerian, because of believe in its benefits.

Some butterfly larvas feed on valerian

Content: Main effective companent is considered to be valerenic asid (effective on stress and uneasiness). Flavones (isovaleric acid [relaxant], linarin [makes sleepy], hesperidin), irodioids, some alcoholids (valerianin, valerin, actinidine, chathinine), GABA (one of main active inhibitor by mammals nervsystem

MENTHA PIPERITA L PEPPER MINT

Wednesday, April 7th, 2021

MENTHA PIPERITA L, M. haplocalyx

Peppermint

Family: Labiatae (Lamiaceae)

Medical use: Muscle pain, neurotic pain, itch, irritable bowel, intestine inflammation and parasites, antiseptic (mouth, throat), sedative, vomit, migraine

Parts: Fresh leaf, oil

Side effects:
  • No side effect by suggested dose and duration
  • Dont use pure mint in long period, it can effect heart negatively. Take a 5 days break when used 5 days. If you should use it longer, prefer to make proper mix to balance it (like fennel)
  • Patients with heart problems should consult a doctor first
  • Can cause muscle irritation, heartburn (depending upon increasing acidity in stomach), inflammation in stomach and intestine, if used in high dose or long duration
Drug interaction:
  • Can extend remove duration of Cyclosporine from body and increase side effects of it
  • Can interact with antifunghal and antibacterial drugs, consult a doctor
  • Can interact with drugs, which changed by liver, consult a doctor

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Muscle pain, neurotic pain, itch, irritable bowel, intestine inflammation and parasites, sedative, vomit, migraine:

Tea: 10-15 piece leaf, smash lightly, add 150ml boiled water, brew 3-5min, drink hot. 2 times a day

Neurotic pain, migraine:

Essential oil: One spoon oil in a bowl, fullfilled with hot water. Inhale its steam. Also oil can spread between upper lip and nose to inhale

Externaly: 

Neurotic pain, migraine:

Essential oil: Simply apply it on areas with pain

Antiseptic:

Essential oil: 2-3 drops in 100ml water, gargle and rinse with it

Name Mentha considered to came from greek ‘minytho: microbe cleaner’ or indish ‘manta: smash and rub’. Peppermint is a natural hybrid of M. aquatica (watermint) and M. spicata (spearmint, common mint).

Even other varieties have been used to medical purpose, today only M. Piperita and M haplocalyx distinguis as medicine. Peppermint has spread today to all regions of world.

In ancient Egypt some drawings similar to mint have been found, also in some pyramids dry leaf itself, dated to 1000bc. Book named Tang Bencao proves that allready in 7. century in Chine mint has been used to treatments. Also ancient Greek resources refer to the plant as medicine. At 15. century it has begann to grown by English society.

Dry leafs wouldnt effect same way, because they are losing their essential oil by drying period.

Content: Menthol (mostly), menthon (less), menthil acetate, menthofuran, trepenoids, flavonoids (kaempferol, hesperidin, eriocitrin, tannen, resin

MELISSA OFFICINALIS L LEMON BALM

Saturday, March 6th, 2021

MELISSA OFFICINALIS L

Lemon Balm

Melissa, Balm Mint, Balm

Family: Labiatae

Medical use: Relaxant, sedative, insomnia, weak stomach disorders, stomachache, headache, amnesia (forgetfulness), depression, herpes

Parts: Leaf

Side effect:

  • No side effect by suggested dose
  • Can effect function of thyroid, if you have thyroid problem, consult a doctor
  • Can affect blood suger, patients with diabetes should use under doctors control
  • Can cause a little doziness (sleepy)

Drug interactions:

  • Can interact with sedatives and cause doziness

Warnings:

  • ATTENTION: Dont cofuse with Aloysia citriodora (Lemon Verbena, Lemon Beebrush), Nepeta cataria (Catnip), Sideritis species (Ironwort, Mountain Tea) or Cymbopogon (Lemongrass)
  • Not recommended under 12 age
  • Dont use longer than 2 weeks without consult a doctor

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Relaxant, sedative, insomnia, weak stomach disorders, stomachache, headache, amnesia: Leaf: 0,4g, 2-3 times a day Tea: 2-4g grinded leafs, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. 2-3 times a day Liquid extract (1:1, %50 ethanol): 2-4ml, 2-3 times a day Tincture (1:5, %50 ethanol): 2-6ml, 2-3 times a day Depression: Tea: 6g leaf, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. 1-2 times a day, one hour before dinners

Externaly

Herpes: Pomad: Pomad with %1 extract, apply on herpes area

It is native in eastern Mediterranian but allready spread to every continent.

Oldest records about medical use points at least before 2000 years.

The origin of name considered to came from greek word ‘melis: honey’, due to that, melissa means honey bee, but ancient Greeks have called some other species with same name, which attract honey bees (probably same reason cause that in modern literature some other plants are named as melissa, they shouldnt confuse with another)

Serapion, Dioskorides, Pilinius, İbni Sina have claimd that this plant can treat mental disorders and melancholy. Sister Hildegard of Bingen (her name refered as first person who has used hops in beer) has also used it for some disorders like headache, dizziness, rheumatism and a female disorders.

It is common as flavour by tea reciepes, desserts, foods and ice cream.

It should kept in side that fresh leafs are twice strong (per leaf) than dried leaf (in 6 months the content of leaf reduces by half).

Content: Eugenol, monotrepene, tritrepene, citronellal, citrol, citral b, flavonoids, α-humunele, oleonic, ursolic, rosmarinic, caffeic and chlorogenic acides, thymol, trace level harmine (MAO-A inhibitor)

MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA L CHAMOMILE

Saturday, March 6th, 2021

MATRICARIA CHAMOMILLA L

Chamomile

Camomile

Family: Compositae (south and east European Asteraceae)

Medical use: Upper respiratory tract diseases, gas and spasm in gastrointestinal system, sedative, ulcer, stomach inflammation, antiseptic, eczema, psora (psoriasis), hemorrhoid, wounds in mouth and throat

Parts: Flower

Side effect:
  • Can make hay fever worse, if you have it, be carefull against all kind of flower pollens
  • In high dose or too long using can cause dizziness, vomit or nerveous
  • Effects as weak blood thinner, if you use another drug for that, be carefull and consult a doctor first
Drug interactions:
  • Can interact with sedatives, blood thinners and aspirin (addetive)
  • Can interact with NSAID painkillers like ibuprofen, naproxen, etc. Consult a doctor first if you use any
Warnings:
  • Cures with it should take not longer than 3-4 weeks. There should be min a month period without using between cures

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Upper respiratory tract diseases, gas and spasm in gastrointestinal system, sedative, ulcer, stomach inflammation:

Tea: 2,5g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. 3 times a day

Liquid extract(1:1, %45 ethanol): 1-4ml a day

Externaly: 

Eczema, psora (psoriasis), antiseptic:

Tea: 10g grinded flower, add 100ml boiled water, brew 15-20min and filter. Compress on problematic area

Mouth-throat clean:

Tea: 2,5g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min than filter. Gargle 5-6 times a day with it

Hemorrhoid:

Tea: 50g grinded flower, add 10lt boiled water, brew 10-15min, filter. Pour it in a washbowl and sit in it after it gets cold

Growns in Europa and Asia, brought to America and Australia too. Its used to treat many diseases since ancient times. Arabians have utilized it as a complete medicine in 10. century. İbn-i Sina has used it for eye-problems. Angle-saxons belive in tradition that camomile is one of the 9 secret herbs, given by God to humankind.

Clinical researches prove that this plant activates the immune-system. Camomile shortens the healing duration of infections. Wounded lizards lie down on this flowers to get better.

Content: bioaktive phenolic asids (coumarins [herniarin, umbelliferone, etc], chlorogenic and caffeic asids (phenilpropanoide), apigenin, apigenine-7-O-glukosit, luteolin and luteolin-7-O-glukosit, quercetin and rutin, naringenin, bisabolol, bisabolol oxide, aminoasids, chamuzelen, kadinen, cholin, farnesene, farnesol, geraniol, salicylic asid

INULA HELENIUM L ELECAMPANE

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

INULA HELENIUM L

Elecampane

Horseheal, Elfdock

Family: Asteraceae

Medical use: General sitimulant, sedative, remover, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, light kidney disorders, skin rash (exanthema), anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, wormer (kills intestine worms)

Parts: Roots and rhizome, leaf

Side effect:
  • Asteraceae can cause alergic reaction for some people
  • Can cause skin rash by some people
  • Causes poisining symptoms like diarrhea, vomit, spasm, etc in high dose. Even if some treatments in high dose and short duration (like 2 days), it isnt recommended because of toxicity
  • Can interact with blood preasure and suger, use carefully
Drug interactions:
  • Effects kind of sedative and somnolent (sleepy), if you use any sedative, antidepressant drugs or sleeping pills, consult a doctor.
Warnings:
  • ATTENTION: dont confuse with sorts of Aristolochia (birthwort, pipevine, Dutchman’s pipe: it has a traditional use in chines medicine but aristolichic acid in it shows high toxicity, can damage kidneys and cause canser)

How to Use:

Internaly: 

General sitimulant, sedative, remover, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, light kidney disorders, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, wormer (kills intestine worms):

Tea: 2g grinded root, add 150ml boiled water, brew 5min, filter. Max 4g a day

Tea: 0,5-1g grinded root, add 150ml of boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. Max 1g a day.

Skin rash:

30-40g dusted root, add 500ml water, boil untill water goes down to half. 1 spoon, 2-4 times a day. Can be sweetend with honey.

General sitimulant, sedative, remover, protective for0 respiratory and gastrointestinal system:

Wine: Put 50-60g of fine grinded root into 1lt good wine. Let brew 8-10days, filter. Can be sweetend with honey or sirup. 1/3 cup before eat

Externaly: 

Skin rash:

Tea: 25g grinded root, add 250ml water, boil 10min. Spread 2 times a day on skin

Name ‘Helenium’ comes from ‘helios: sun’ or name of Helen of Troy. This plant is secret for Celt culture, its a part of symbolism, in which elfs and fairys an important part are. Some Absinthe reciepes inculedes elecampane, besides wormwood.

It growns in euroasian warm areas naturally, but its growed in America too.

Wine with elecampane is used in old ages to heal every kind of illness. Alantolactone in roots has been isolated as wormer in Europa.

Contet: kaempherol (helenin), alntolactone (wormer terpene), (polysaccaride) inülin, phenolic asids (caffeic, chlorogenic, dicaffeoyl quinic, hydroxibenzoic), flavonoids (epicatechin, catechin gallate, ferulic acid-4-O-glucoside, dihydroquercetin pentosyl rutinoside, kaempherol-7-O-dipentoside, quercetin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside), fructose, pectine, resine.

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM L ST JOHNS WORT

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HYPERICUM PERFORATUM L, H. Officinarum Crantz

St. John’s Wort

Family: Hypericaceae

Medical Use: Sedative (calmant), stress, acne, arthritis, headache

Parts: Herb (no root)

Side effects:

  • Can cause mania, dont use if you have hyperactivity or manic-depressive disprders
  • Can strenghten reasons of infertility, if you have it, dont use. Can effect sperma and ovary negatively by high dose
  • Can increase symptoms of Alzheimer and dementia
  • Can make depression of moderate or high degree worse
  • Can catalys psychosis by schizophrenia
  • Can make constellation of heart disorder worse, consult a doctor
  • Can damage heart by anesthesia, if you will have an operation (surgery) stop using it before 6 months
  • When used on skin (externaly) causes sensitivity to sunlight, dont go out if used externaly
  • Some content acts as MAOI (blocks monoamine oxidase enzymes), can be dangerous, specially when used alcohol or protein rich nutrients. Can change chemical order of brain in high dose (makes them accumulate over)
  • Can cause hypertension with tyramin containing foods and drinks (cheese, wine, etc.)
  • Decreases ciclosporin plasma in blood and cause transpalnt rejection. Dont use if you had organ or tissue transplantation, also when you got AIDS
  • Can effect toxic livestocks (cattle, goat, etc.)
  • Can cause hair loss

Drug interactions:

  • Antidepressants, sedatives, triptans (tryptamine), blood thinners, asthma, AIDS, cancer and heart disease drugs and many others. If you use any drug continuously, dont use this plant
  • Dont use with alcohol or food supplements (specially protein)

Warnings:

  • Not use under 18 age
  • Not use longer than 5 weeks
  • ATTENTION: Dont use without doctors consult and control

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Sedative (calmant), stress, headache: Tea: 2-4g grinded herb, add 150ml boiled water, brew15-20min, 3 times a day Dry extract (3-6:1,%80 ethanol): Max 900mg a day Tincture (1:10, %45 ethanol): 2-4ml, 3 times a day

Externaly: 

Acne: Steam: 30g fresh flower, add 1 liter boiled water, brew 5min. Bath your face with steam 10min long. 2 times a week. Besides it would effect sedative because of inhale it. Dont go out in next 1-2 hours (specially under sun)

Roots of the name Hypericum isnt known but it comes from its ancient greek name ‘hyperikon’, which is used by Hippokrates and Dioskorides. Perforatum means preforate, because of perforated look of leaf when insolate.

The english name St. John’s Wort is probably choosen, because flowers of plant bloom close by the St. John’s day (24. July).

Roman military doctor Proscurides in first century is known as used plant for treatment. In middleage its believed that St. John’s Wort protects against evil forces.

Native in Asia and Europa, but allready has growed in other continents.

Can be poisonous for livestocks (cattle, goat, etc).

Content: Flavonoids (quercitrin, quercitin: MAOI), hypericin, hyperforin, rutin, biapigenin, amentoflavone, tannen

HUMULUS LUPULUS L HOPS

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

HUMULUS LUPULUS L

Hops

Family: Cannabaceae

Medical use: Psychological disorders (stress based), bad temper, sedative, loss of appetite, insomnia, circulatory disorders, high/love blood pressure

Parts: Flower buds, leaf (rare)

Side effect:

  • No side effect in suggested dose and ways. But its seen by some people who works by harvest of hops, some effects like headache, doziness (beeing sleepy), dermatologic problems, also early mensturation by womans (estorogen)
  • Can cause dizziness and stomach disordes by high dose
  • Can cause doziness
  • By patients of diabetes type-II can increase sensitivity of insulin, decrease blood suger

Drug interactions:

  • İnteracts with sedatives and alcohol, increases effect, can make to much doziness (sleepy)

Warnings:

  • Acts like estrogen, if you have hormonal sensitivity, consult a doctor
  • Dont drive or use dangerous machines
  • Not recommended for children under 12 age

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Psychological disorders (stress based), bad temper, sedative, lack of appetite:

Grinded (dusted) flower: 400mg, 2 times a day. 200mg under 18 age

Tea: 0,5g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. 3-4 times a day

Liquid extract (1:1, %45 ethanol): 0,5-2ml, 3 times a day

Dry extract (4:1, %50 ethanol): 125mg, 3 times a day

Tincture (1:4, %50 ethanol): 1-2ml, 3 times a day

Loss of apetite:

Tea: 3g flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 8-10min, filter. Drink between dinners

Wine: 50g flower, add 1lt white wine on it, let brew 10 days, filter. Drink between dinners 40-50ml

Insomnia:

Grinded (dusted) flower: 1-2g, one hour before going to sleep

Tea: 0,5-1g grinded flower, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15-20min, filter. One hour before going to sleep

Dry extract (4:1): 125-250mg, one hour before going to sleep

circulatory disorders, high/love blood pressure:

Tea: 10g grinded flower, add 150ml water in room temperature, brew 8hours, filter. Heat a little before drink. 3-4 times a day

It is considered that name humulus comes from proto-persian ‘hauma-arayka’ (Osetia in Caucasian) and spread from there to middle German (hoppe, became hopfen).

It growns in west Asia, Europa and north America.

Due to folkloric belife in Germany, first added in beer to surpress over sexual-desire by mans (maybe because of estrogen-like effect caused that belief), even by King Gambrius itself (a legendary figure, which based on an ancient German King, named Gampar, lived at BC 15.century, also on the other hand includes characteristics of John the Fearless [AC 12. century] and John I the duke of Brabant [AC 11. century]). But first real record of using hops in beer brewery dated to 9. century, claims that a sister named Hildegard, lived in monastery by Bingen-Germany), was the first one who used it in beer.

It shows an anti-baterial effect, one of the reasons, why it is used to added to beer. Also it has proved that hops can kill bacillius bacteria.

Young shoots of plant can be eaten.

Content: humulone, lupulone, choline, myrcene, kolin, tanen, mirsen, methil buthenol (sedative), xanthohumol (estrogenic)

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA HAWTHORN

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA, C. monogyna

Hawthorn

Midland Hawthorn, Common Hawthorn, England Hawthorn, Mayflower

Family: Rosaceae

Medical use: Palpitation, anxiety, type II congesative heart failure, sedative

Parts: Dry flower and leaf, also fruit

Side effect:

  • Few incidence of dizziness, difficulty in breathing, throb, anxiety, difficulty in sleeping are reported, but not significant

Drug interactions:

  • Heart glycosides or beta-blockers.
  • Drugs for similar treatments (drugs for heart, anxiety, arrhythmia, etc) can interact, consult a doctor.

Warnings:

  • If you have other kind of heart failures or other chronic disease, dont use.
  • Not under 18 age
  • Treatment should last 6 weeks. Use under doctors control.

How to Use:

Internaly: 

Palpitation, anxiety, type II congesative heart failure, sedative:

Tea(infusion): 1-2g grinded leaf and flower mix, add 150ml boiled water, brew 15min, filter. 2-4 times a day, fresh brewd. Dont use more than 6g daily.

Dusted herb: Dry leafs and flowers, gathered together, should be taken in a soft drink or something else, 200-250 mg a dose, max 1750mg a day.

Dry fruits: 5g dry fruit daily

Fresh juice of leaf and flowers: 7ml a dose, 3 times a day.

Tincture: (1:4, %35 ethanol): 1.7g a dose, 3 times a day.

Angina Pectoris (Heart):

Tea(infusion): 10 g flower, add 150 ml boiled water, brew 20min, filter. 3 times a day.

Externaly:

Angina:

Tea(infusion): 15 g flower, add 500 ml boiled water, brew 10min and filter. Gargle many time with it.

Since middle age it is used to treatment of heart disorders. In traditional chinese medicine it takes also an important place. First record of medical use of plant is dated 1305, its written that the doctor (Petrus de Cvescentis) of king of France has used sirup of hawthorn to treat queens gout (podagra).

Its discovered clinically that hawthorn decreases high blood presure and digests accumulated cholestrol. Its considered that it can be a alternative blood thiner with less side effect.

Content: flavonoid, vitamin C, glycoside, anthocyanin, saponin, tannin, and antioxidant, as well as phenolics (epicatechin, aglycons, and glycosides of B-type oligomeric procyanidins and flavonols; phenolic acids; and C-glycosyl, flavones)