Posts Tagged ‘traditional’


Friday, April 23rd, 2021


Yoga is a top concept that covers the general practice of meditative and physical education developed in the pre-writing periods around the Himalayan mountains. It is in a tight relationship with the philosophy of sacred, great spirit, which deals with the relationship between order of the universe and the phenomenon of life in its entirety and the body and soul of the individual, grips the universe as, that the whole and the single are reflections of each other. In this sense, it is a complete philosophy of life that also covers a theological context. The philosophy in question, that is, the understanding of everything as part of the great spirit and the idea that healthy life is possible in harmony, is fundamental in the shamanic tradition as well as in all other Eastern disciplines (e.g. Tao, Buddhism, Hinduism, Shamanism, etc.). A person who follows the teaching of Yoga and devotes himself to living in harmony with the universe and maintaining physical and spiritual serenity at the level of worship is called a yogi. For example, people belonging to the sadu sect of Hinduism, which brings the face death to the forefront and are characterized by drawing hands from life, sensual pleasure, are generally yogi, but not every yogi is sadu.

The first archaeological finds related to Yoga are seals and figures dating from 3000 to 1700 BC found in the Indus Valley of Pakistan. These depict some yoga and meditason postures. The first written sources are believed to be Vedas (theological texts, prayers) belonging to the Brahman tradition, dated between 900 and 500BC. Altough it is progressed to be the discipline with 8-digit spiritual education and developed as different applications for different needs in a subsequent period, it can be seen as exposition and assemble of more ancient teachings and the practice of life and healing, can be converted to a comprehensive and holistic doctrine. Already the concept of yoga derives from the Sanskrit meaning of unification, unification, wholeness, and can be understood as the integration of one with the universe, as well as as a reference to the unification of universal knowledge and practices.

The eight-step discipline of yoga, attributed to the Great Master Patanjali, who is said to purify the mind and soul with yoga, language with grammar aand the body with medicine, a figure on which Sanskrit culture is based, aims at spiritual and bodily purification step by step:
Yama (five “retreats”): no harm, accuracy, no steal, control sensual pleasures, no hoarding
Niyama (five “observations”): simplicity, satisfaction, strong desire, reading, remembering
Asana (sitting Place): refers to the sitting posture used in meditation in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, it is thought that it provides an ideal state of energy and comfort physically, becoming compatible with Universal vibration.
Pranayama (“stopping the breath”): Prāna, breath,” āyāma”, means to stop. It can also be interpreted as the control of the life force, control of the breath, continuity and calmness are provided by calmness.
Pratyahara (“isolation”): means to isolate the sensory organs from the stimulation of external objects.
Dharana (“concentration”): is the focus of attention on a single object.
Dhayana (“meditation”): is intense contemplation on the nature of the object of meditation that is focused.
Samãdhi (“Emancipation”): the fusion of consciousness with the object of meditation.

The doctrine outlined above reflects an understanding of yoga that mainly encompasses meditation and spiritual discipline. The physicaly trainings of yoga, which puts especially in the Western world today at the forefront, , can be considered a physical meditation or a preparation for mental meditation and takes place in the daily routine of Yogi. This practice is applied as a series of movements involving postures named with the forms of nature and objects, such as Bow Pose (Dhanurasana), Chair Pose (Utkatasana), Eagle Pose (Garudasana).

Classification of Patanjali offers a person a way to control the impulse and fears that abuse a person with the kind of moral teaching that we encounter in all religions, and in this form it also carries the nature of worship. In addition, the disciplines of yoga are also divided into genres in which the different themes in its component are brought to the fore. For example, Hatha Yoga focuses on posture and breathing exercises, while Bhakti Yoga emphasizes spiritual purification through devotion to God, attachment to God with love. Other examples of such specialized types of yoga include Rãja Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Karma Yoga, Mantra Yoga, Tantra Yoga.

The physical aspect of yoga has come to the fore in modern times, and the benefit it provides with the balance it has established between stretching and strength work has become relevant again as an undeniable phenomenon. In addition, it has been determined by many people through experience that breathing and meditation can also benefit in the direction of achieving psychological or, so to speak, spiritual balance. Having a holistic and harmonious view of life and existence is a reasonable and realistic understanding that disciplining life to find what is good and build a mental state compatible with the right morality can also make life more quality and meaningful. But it is debatable whether it will help with problems caused by different bodily or psychological traumas or with genetic and chemical reasons, even in advanced psychological disorders, the consequences that can lead to such an intense understanding of meaning can even be dangerous. If you have significant psychological problems, you should always consult a specialist. In addition, in advanced physical problems, yoga practices should not be applied without expert control. Even for healthy people, incorrect physical practices without the help of someone who is competent in yoga, excessive self-strain of beginners can be harmful and cause injury. However, taking advantage of the tradition of yoga by showing the right practices and patience is an alternative medicine option that positively affects Community Health, encourages staying healthy, and therefore can prevent potential health problems.


Wednesday, April 21st, 2021


Acupuncture is the result of the development of a intellectual tradition of creative and destructive, healing and sickening forces, together with treatment practices whose usefulness is determined and developed by observation and experience. The understanding of health and disease of traditional Chinese medicine is closely related to the cult of ancestors, the belief in the power of ancient spirits. The application of acupuncture known today is made with steel needles. But since much earlier than written texts, blood letting as throwing cuts with the help of a stone was a common application and acupuncture can be considered to have evolved from that practice. It is based on an understanding of abstraction and causality, which, for example, is thought to help kill the evil spirit that causes the asylum, by drilling into the asylum zone. Besides there are a number of findings and speculations that such practices like stimulate body by energy points may have been common throughout Eurasia since time immemorial. One of the most interesting of these is that 5000-year-old mummy Ötzi has 15 tattoos on her body at points that coincide with those targeted in acupuncture practices, but it is impossible to prove that these tattoos have such a purpose or meaning.

The idea of the evil spirit that causes disease have been the basis for the maturation of the Chi (qi) concept and the idea of energy that fills life. The Chinese elite’s efforts to understand medical practice, drug preparation and its effects in various periods, combined with the knowledge of the causes of disease, the way of understanding the energy that makes healthy living and life possible, has led to this. The influence of medical systematic thoughts of other cultures, such as ancient Greece and later Arab civilization, also contributed to the development of the concept. The idea of vital energy, which Praxagoras and Erasistratus referred to as ‘pneuma’ in ancient Greece, also parallels the understanding of Chi (qi).

The text, which can be considered as the first written source to be considered related to acupuncture, is also the first text found on traditional Chinese medicine, the Mawangdui cemetery finds, and dates back to 168 BC. However, this text does not directly mention a systematic application of acupuncture, it is mentioned that the energy channels in the body called ‘mai’ and that the inflammatory area can be opened and cleaned with the help of a sharp stone. The first text that mentions a therapy or treatment with help of ‘needling’ is the Shiji text of Sima Qian dated 90 BC. But this text also does not mention direct the practice of acupuncture, which is known in the sense of regulating chi (qi) energy. Although there is a consensus that the silver and gold needle finds from the previous century BC were for medical purposes, it is not clear whether they were used for acupuncture or surgical intervention to regulate chi energy in the known sense. However, the systematization of systematic Chinese medicine by the Chinese elite by following periods A.C. did not prevent the use of systematic pre-traditional folk medicine, the ancestral faith continued its existence. The ongoing work of the upper class to develop medical literature and disciplines and the popular belief-healing system continued to exist side by side.. Although there is no complete consensus between the understanding of diagnosis, medicine and treatment of the period, it can be said that they continue to provide organic integrity by reflecting and containing each other, at least for the early stages.

Until the 1500s AC, in the period after conceptualization acupuncture is thoroughly customized to become completely chi-oriented discipline and independent from understanding of drug therapy and surgery discipline, on the other hand by developing a description of the relationship between chi (qi) and energy channels in the body detached from belief in spirits and ancestors. In this long period, acupuncture developed step by step to became known for methods such as finalizing the intervention notes in the body and using steel needles after 1000’s. But with the end of The Song Dynasty (1279), acupuncture gradually began to lose its importance. Acupuncture like other traditional and local medical knowledge disfavored against influence of western medicine, which originated from ancient Greek civilizations, developed by the Arabs to create a mostly modern systematic, which advanced by European countries after that. In the 1800s, the practice and teaching of acupuncture was banned in China and Japan for the concept of modernization. 1950s, Mao’s socialist government, who must somehow provide medical services to a large population under strong economic problems, has encouraged the use of traditional Chinese medicine as an alternative to ‘corrupt imperialist’ modern Western medicine. After United States President Nixon visited China in 1972 and led the end of the isolation over the country, the world’s interest in acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine increased significantly.

Modern research has still not been able to achieve very consistent results regarding the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment. However, at least the benefits of its application for symptomatic treatment of pain types were found to be generally positive as a result of experimental studies, and thanks to the absence of side effects, it was approved by the World Health Organization and similar organizations as an alternative treatment, provided that it is applied by well trained acupuncturists. In addition, as expressed in traditional texts, the belief that the treatment works and the intention to heal influences positively the effectiveness of acupuncture for reasons that we more or less understand under motivation and placebo effect titles. Acupuncture is a human heritage that has transcended beyond the boundaries of the age in which it belongs and will still play a role in shaping the understanding of Medicine of the future. It can be safely applied, provided that you do your own detailed research on the practice and the organizations providing this service.


Wednesday, April 7th, 2021


Ayurveda is one of the oldest written health and healing sciences. Its meaning in native Sanskrit is ‘science of life’. The first written text is thought to be the Charaka Samhita, dating back 3000 years (400-200bc). But other contemporary cultural perspectives, for example, are the product of a common philosophy and way of thinking with China’s cultural heritage that gave birth to disciplines and practices such as kung-fu and thai-chi. Undoubtedly, its history goes back to the long periods of humanity, when the skill and oral tradition were more effective than writing, to the periods when writing was not used. Ayurveda is the product of a tradition in India where all this accumulation is systematized in Sanskrit.

Due to the lack of scientific tools, ancient and pre-human peoples, which have difficulties to study in detail, have tried to shed light on the subject by understanding the effective relations in the whole of nature. By treating human beings as a reflection of the whole, an attempt is made to analyze and heal the nature of human beings with effective forces in nature. In this way, inferences have been made in order to ensure harmony in nature in the body and to preserve the order that separates the healthy from the unhealthy. It classifies the forces of nature under three main concepts. Vata is the balance of energy represented by the space and the air that fills it, it is about movement, Pitta is the balance of fire and water, the body’s power to metabolize the outsider, Kapha is the cooperation of earth and water, it is about the power that building the body and particules of that. In addition, each is a representation of psychological, emotional, and behavioral balance or problem situations. While you are insightful and thoughtful in the state of order, a disorder in your Pitta is thought to transform you into an angry, jealous person.

Ayurveda has frequently used the use herbs to maintain balance, heal and cleanse the body. In addition, attitudes like avoiding excesses such as too fatty or frozen food in the diet or living in a balanced temperature are considered to be helpful to prevent the development of the disease. In addition, a more advanced classification for treatment was made and treatment practices were examined under different headings. These are: Kaya Chikitsa (Medicine), Shalya Tantra (Surgery), Shalakya Tantra (Ohphtalmology), Prasuti Tantra & Stri Rog (Gynaecology and Obstetric), Bal Roga (Paediatrics), Agad Tantra & Vyavahara Ayurveda (Jurispudence and Toxicology), Bhoot Vidya (Demonic seizures Psychology), Rasayana & Vajikarana Tantra (Rejuvenation & Aphrodisiacs).

Ayurveda tends to be approved by modern medicine as beneficial alternative ancillary medical practices. However, metals with toxic effects have been found in 5 ayurvedic herbal recipes as medicine, the application of these treatments can be fatal, especially for children. However, it should be remembered that all modern medical drugs are toxic to varying levels and uncontrolled use is always dangerous. Understanding oneself as a part of the natural balance can provide the necessary motivation for treatment by providing the necessary symbolic tool to think about what is happening in the body and mind, and can help people to analyze what they need. Devotion, knowledge and interpretation will help you understand the beneficial aspects of ayurvedic practices for your health.